Recover Together, Recover Stronger

6 January 2022

In her annual statement, Retno Masurdi, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Indonesia quoted President Joko Widodo’s statement, at the reception of Indonesia’s G20 Presidency, last October in Rome: “Joint efforts for the recovery of the world economy; an inclusive, people-centered, environmentally friendly and sustainable growth; must be extraordinarily carried out, especially through stronger global collaboration and continuous innovation.”

She conveyed her gratitude for the trust and support given by IORA Member States throughout the selection process for the new IORA Secretary General. Ambassador Salman Al Farisi has been elected as Secretary General of IORA for the term of 2022 – 2024. Indonesia hopes that IORA could contribute towards the establishment of a strong Indian Ocean; which in turn will lead to ensuring a stable, peaceful, and prosperous Indo-Pacific region.

ANNUAL PRESS STATEMENT OF RETNO MASURDI, MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

Bismillahirrahmanirrohim
Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh
May peace be upon us all
Om swasti astu
Namo Budaya
Salam Kebajikan
Distinguished Chairpersons and Members of Commission I of the House of Representatives,
Excellencies Ambassadors of Friendly Countries and Heads of International Organizations,
Ambassadors, Seniors, and members of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia, those at home and abroad,
Chief editors, fellow journalists, students,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

First of all, I would like to wish everyone a Happy New Year 2022.

May the world recover together and recover stronger in 2022.

Recover Together, Recover Stronger.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Throughout 2021, the Covid-19 pandemic continued to be among us.

Two new variants, that are highly infectious have emerged. Namely the Delta and Omicron variant.

Amid these challenges, vaccine inequality remains high.

By mid-December 2021, the WHO Director General stated, 41 countries have yet to vaccinate 10% of its population and 98 countries have yet to vaccinate 40% of its population, in-line with WHO’s target.

The impacts of the pandemic are profound.

The pandemic has setback years of SDG achievements, particularly for developing countries.

Around the world, an additional 100 million people have fallen back into poverty and more than 800 million people experienced hunger.

Aside from the pandemic, the world also faces other challenges such as conflicts and tensions in various parts of the world, natural disasters, refugee crisis, climate change, and many others.

In the midst of these challenges, we witness deepening rivalries between great powers.

Such rivalries are also apparent in the Indo-Pacific region.

Creating yet another challenge for ASEAN.

It is important for ASEAN to continue strengthening its unity and centrality.

At the same time, ASEAN is also faced with the political crisis in Myanmar.

ASEAN took a unanimous step in Jakarta in April 2021 to assist Myanmar in dealing with its political crisis through the “Five-Point Consensus”, in order to stop violence and restore democracy through an inclusive dialogue.

ASEAN solidity must be reinforced.

ASEAN must continue its endeavour to build an ASEAN community and maintain a secure, stable, and prosperous Indo-Pacific region.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

For the world to recover, health must be the main agenda.

Therefore, health diplomacy was Indonesia’s foreign policy priority in 2021.

Throughout 2021, several diplomatic steps were taken; in the bilateral, regional, and multilateral level.

First, of course, to fulfil the vaccine needs of the Indonesian people.

Alhamdulillah, approaching the end of December 2021, Indonesia has innoculated more than 270 million doses of vaccines. The 5th largest globally after China, India, US, and Brazil.

From all vaccines received by Indonesia, more than 20.15 % come from COVAX or other dose-sharing schemes from friendly countries.

On 22 December 2021, Indonesia reached WHO’s target to fully vaccinate 40% of the population.

The next challenge is to fully vaccinate 70% of population by mid 2022.

Second, Indonesia continues to voice out vaccine equality for all countries.
Indonesia continues to advocate this cause in every international forum.

As one of the co-chairs of the COVAX AMC Engagement Group, Indonesia contributes towards efforts in achieving vaccine equality.

Amid all adversities and challenges, by the 4th week of December 2021, the COVAX Facility has successfully distributed 811 million doses to 144 countries and entities.

Looking ahead, COVAX will continue to strengthen its distribution, logistical, and healthworkers capacity in recipient countries.

Regionally, as chair of the ASEAN Health Sector Cooperation 2020-2021, Indonesia led and pushed several ASEAN initiatives in pandemic mitigation and strengthen regional health resillience mechanism.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

In 2022, health diplomacy will remain a priority for Indonesia.

The Covid-19 pandemic is a lesson for us to improve national and global health resilience.

Long-term cooperation is necessary; including in strengthening national health infrastructure as well as health industry for medicines and vaccines.

Indonesia must be able to produce our own vaccines and become the regional vaccine production hub.

Indonesia must be able to produce our own medications and meet the needs of pharmaceutical raw materials.

We will continue to promote the development of vaccine research and manufacturing network, including through CEPI.

At the global level, we must strengthen global health architecture to better prepare the world in facing future pandemic threats.

Strengthening global health architecture is a priority of Indonesia’s G20 Presidency.

Indonesia will continue to support the central role of the WHO in coordinating global health actions.

Indonesia also highly views the importance of a new Pandemic Treaty, so that the world is better prepared in facing pandemics.

Indonesia is ready to contribute constructively in the negotiation process of such Pandemic Treaty.

A new health financing mechanism for developing countries should also be established.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Throughout 2021, we continued to strengthen economic diplomacy.

Economic recovery efforts were carried out without sacrificing health aspects.

It is also important to underline that our economic recovery efforts are made with due regard to the environment and SDGs.

First, Indonesia’s diplomacy works to establish travel corridor arrangements (TCA), to restore safe cross-border travels.

We continue to explore mutual recognition of vaccine certificates and platform interoperability. Intensive negotiations are underway with Malaysia, Singapore, Saudi Arabia, India, Australia, the UAE, Turkey, the Netherlands, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and the EU.
Second, expanding market access as well as investment promotion and protection, including through:

• Commencement of CEPA negotiations with the UAE as well as the launch of Indonesia CEPA with Canada and MERCOSUR, and ASEAN-Canada FTA
• We also successfully completed Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) negotiations with Switzerland
• Entry into force of Indonesia CEPA with EFTA on 1 November 2021
• Moreover, we held several hybrid business meetings, such as:
➔ Indonesia-Latin America and the Caribbean (INA-LAC) Business Forum III, with transaction value and business potential worth IDR 1.23 trillion
➔ Indonesia-Central and Eastern Europe (INA-CEE) Business Forum 2021, with business transactions worth IDR 44 billion
• Indonesia also participated in Dubai Expo 2020 and secured investment commitment of USD 44.6 billion during Indonesia’s Presidential visit to the UAE
• Diplomacy is also carried out to strengthen strategic presence/outbound investment of Indonesian SOEs and private enterprises overseas, including through BUMN Go Global programme
• We also strengthen Indonesia’s strategic industry, such as health, pharmaceutical raw material, defense, petrochemicals and renewable energy sectors
• Diplomacy also fights for fair treatment of Indonesian commodities, including palm oil

Third, diplomacy works to strengthen digital, creative, and green economy, including through:
• ASEAN Creative Economy Business Forum (ACEBF) within the ASEAN Comprehensive Recovery Framework (ACRF)
• Promotion of green economy investment and energy transition with UK businessmen on the sidelines of COP26 in Glasgow, resulting in investment commitments of USD 9.29 billion
• Funding commitment for energy transition projects from the Government of France worth EUR 500 million

In the fourth sector of economic diplomacy, diplomacy works to strengthen the Pacific Elevation policy in the Pacific, including through the 2nd Pacific Exposition held virtually on October 2021, attended by over 11 thousand participants, with a trade value worth USD 104 million.
Fifth, strengthening development cooperation through grant provision to 11 friendly countries, namely Afghanistan, Antigua and Barbuda, India, Madagascar, Mozambique, Palau, Suriname, Timor Leste, PNG, Zimbabwe, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

With a focus on women empowerment, digital literacy training for MSMEs, agriculture technology utilization, and climate change mitigation cooperation.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

In 2022, global economic recovery efforts are expected to continue facing various challenges.

Economic diplomacy will continue to be strengthened through:
• Improvement of market access for national strategic products such as health products, railways, defense products, and shipping to Asia, Middle East and Africa
• We will also hold Pacific Forum for Development to enhance a more structured development cooperation in the Pacific
• And increasing engagement with foreign investors to strengthen partnership with Indonesia’s Sovereign Wealth Fund.
• Strengthening partnership to support energy transition and green and sustainable economy.
• As well as continuous efforts to accelerate various CEPA negotiations, including with the UAE, EU, Turkey, and Chile.
• At the multilateral level, diplomacy will continue to push for a more transparent and fair multilateral trading system.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

The pandemic brought about its own set of challenges in the protection of Indonesian citizens.

We continue to bolster our protection machinery to assist Indonesian citizens abroad.

While at the beginning of 2020, the Wuhan evacuation presented great challenges; in 2021 the evacuation from Kabul was also very difficult.

In 2021, 33 persons (26 Indonesian citizens and 7 foreign nationals) were evacuated from Kabul, more than 73.000 individuals were facilitated for repatriation, including 1.300 seafarers, close to 240.000 packages of food and essentials were distributed, 7 Indonesian citizens were acquitted from capital punishment, 4 Indonesian citizens were liberated from hostage situation, more than IDR 179.3 billion worth of financial entitlement were secured, vaccines were distributed to around 88.637 of Indonesian citizens in all parts of the world.

The government also strengthened the protection system, including strengthening its infrastructure as well as establishing bilateral cooperation and norm setting at the multilateral level.

For 2022, noting the high complexity of protection cases, the main focus of protection diplomacy will be:
First, accelerating digital transformation through:
• Upgrading Integrated Data Operating Center (IDOC), to manage Big Data on the protection of Indonesian citizens
• Integrating Safe Travel app and Peduli Lindungi app, so that Indonesian citizens can feel safer when traveling in times of pandemic.
• Early data gathering of eligible voters from abroad for the 2024 General Elections
Second, enhancing protection infrastructure and human resources through:
• Establishment of Indonesian Seafarers’ Corner in Busan, Republic of Korea.
• Enhancing the quality of infrastructure and shelter management in Indonesian Missions abroad.
• Gender responsive capacity building for diplomats
Third, development of legal frameworks and cooperation at the national and international level, including:
• MoU on the integration of information system across Ministries and government institutions
• MoU on the Placement and Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers
• Finalization of IMO-ILO Guidelines on abandonment of Seafarers
• Strengthening standards for protection of migrant workers under the framework of the UN.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Our diplomats also continue to work to strengthen Sovereignty Diplomacy, where border negotiation is one of the important elements.

In 2021, 17 rounds of negotiations were conducted: with the Philippines, Malaysia, Palau, and Viet Nam.

It is interesting to note that the total number of negotiation rounds conducted in the times of pandemic has doubled from 2020, with only 7 rounds.

In 2022, efforts to accelerate land boundaries demarcation and maritime boundaries delimitation will be intensified
On maritime boundaries delimitation.
• With Malaysia, it is hoped that the treaties on the Delimitation of Territorial Waters in the Sulawesi Sea and in the Southernmost Part of the Straits of Malacca can be signed.
• With Palau, negotiation at the Technical level for delimiting the Exclusive Economic Zone will continue, with a target of reaching partial agreement.
• With the Philippines, there are two plans: to commence negotiations for the delimitation of Continental Shelf at the technical level and to follow up on the agreement to delimit continental shelf and EEZ with two separate lines.
• With Viet Nam, resume negotiations at the Technical level with a view to reach agreement on the EEZ boundary line.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

UNCLOS 1982 shall remain the basis for the conduct of the maritime boundaries delimitation negotiations.

I would like to emphasis on one particular principle relating to the sovereignty and sovereign rights in Indonesian waters; that any claim by any party must be made in compliance with international law including UNCLOS 1982.

Indonesia will continue to reject any claims that lack international legal basis.

For land demarcation, our priorities will be:
• With Malaysia, to resolve demarcation in Outstanding Boundary Problems (OBP) Eastern sector including Sebatik Island.
• With Timor Leste, to resolve the remaining 2 (two) Unresolved Segments in line with the “Agreed Principles” that was adopted in 2019. Both Negotiating teams also agreed that maritime boundary delimitation will commence once land boundary demarcations have been resolved.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Apart from securing our national interest, Indonesia’s diplomacy is also aimed at contributing towards peace and humanity in the region and the world.

On this occasion, I wish to convey my gratitude for the trust and support given by IORA Member States throughout the selection process for the new IORA Secretary General.

Ambassador Salman Al Farisi has been elected as Secretary General of IORA for the term of 2022 – 2024.

Indonesia hopes that IORA could contribute towards the establishment of a strong Indian Ocean; which in turn will lead to ensuring a stable, peaceful, and prosperous Indo-Pacific region.

In regards to diplomacy for the region and the world, allow me to start with Afghanistan.

Ladies and Gentlemen, towards the end of 2021, I attended the Extraordinary Meeting of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers on the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan.

Indonesia was one of the initiators of the meeting, in light of the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Afghanistan.

Indonesia’s position remains consistent. We wish to see a peaceful, stable, and prosperous Afghanistan.

In Indonesia’s engagements with the Taliban, Indonesia continues to encourage the fulfillment of promises made on August 16, 2021, including respect for women’s rights.

At Indonesia’s proposal, a Roadmap for the fulfillment of Taliban’s commitments was included in the Resolution of the OIC meeting.

In the humanitarian field, Indonesia also continues the commitment to contribute.

Two Indonesian planes will soon arrive in Afghanistan carrying food and nutrition assistance for the Afghan people, in cooperation with UN agencies.

In 2022, Indonesia will continue to focus on the issue of education and empowerment for Afghan women, including through the provision of scholarships.

Second, on peacekeeping mission.

Ladies and Gentlemen, Indonesia’s commitment to participate in peacekeeping missions will never falter.

To date, more than 2,800 Indonesian personnel serve in 8 UN peacekeeping missions.

Indonesia is the 7th largest contributor in the world to the UN peacekeeping force, up from the 8th position over the last three years.

The percentage of Indonesian women peacekeepers rose from 5.9% in 2020 to 6.7% in 2021.

Indonesia also actively participates in the drafting of norms and governance of UN Peacekeeping Missions.

Indonesia is one of the Chairs of the Group of Friends on Safety and Security of UN Peacekeeping, launched in April 2021. This initiative is aimed to assure more security and safety of peacekeepers.

In order to advance the issue of Women, Peace, and Security, Indonesia, together with the Southeast Asia Network of Women Peace Negotiators and Mediators organized the Regional Forum of Women Peace Negotiators and Mediators.

This regional network has joined the Global Alliances of Regional Women Mediator Networks in April 2021, as the 6th member and the only representative of Asia.

For 2022, Indonesia is committed to send five military contingents with a total of 950 personnel and one Formed Police Unit with a total of 198 personnel.

Indonesia will also organize various training and capacity building programs for peacekeepers, including in the UN Triangular Partnership Project (TPP) scheme.

Third, on human rights and democracy.

Throughout 2021, Indonesia has become the penholder or has sponsored numerous resolutions related to the rights of the people of Palestine, Rohingya, as well as on the issue of Business and Human Rights.

Indonesia has also organized various activities to promote human rights in the region, including through:
• Regional Conference on Business and Human Rights 2021.
• Second Regional Conference on Humanitarian Assistance.
• ASEAN Human Rights Dialogue, which has been on hiatus for the last 6 years and Indonesia successfully held it last year.

Furthermore, in 2021, Indonesia once again held the 14th Bali Democracy Forum.

Secretary Blinken and State Councilor Wang Yi participated in the 2021 Bali Democracy Forum.

BDF reflects Indonesia's commitment to continue advancing democracy and human rights in the region and globally.

Our commitment toward democracy goes beyond our borders.

For 2022, in the field of human rights, Indonesia among others will host the Regional Conversation on Human Rights dan Regional Seminar on Anti-Torture and Indonesia will also present a progress report on the implementation of its human rights fulfillment in the 4th Cycle of Universal Periodic Review (UPR).

Fourth, on ASEAN.

Ladies and Gentlemen, by the time this Annual Press Statement is held, it would be almost a year since the political crisis broke out in Myanmar.

If this situation persists, it will not only disrupt the stability and security in Myanmar, but also ASEAN and the greater region.

From the very beginning, Indonesia continues to demonstrate its commitment to contribute.

Initiated by the President of Indonesia, the ASEAN Leaders Meeting was held in Jakarta April 2021 and resulted in the “Five-Point Consensus”.

As I mentioned in the beginning of this Statement, the “Five-Point Consensus” will be the guideline for ASEAN in resolving the political crisis in Myanmar.

If there is no progress on the implementation of the “Five-Point Consensus”, it will be difficult for ASEAN to invite political level representatives from Myanmar in ASEAN meetings.

ASEAN must uphold this commitment.

The safety and wellbeing of the people of Myanmar will always be Indonesia’s concern.

In this context, Indonesia has provided humanitarian assistance. A plane carrying humanitarian aid was deployed in September 2021, as part of ASEAN’s humanitarian assistance.

In 2022, Indonesia strives to strengthen ASEAN's centrality and solidity.

ASEAN must continue to play its role as an anchor for stability, peace, and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific Region.

ASEAN must remain relevant and be able to respond accordingly to new challenges in the region and the world.

And ASEAN must continue to benefit its people.

To this end, Indonesia will continue to encourage concrete cooperation to implement the ASEAN Outlook on the Indo-Pacific with dialogue partners.

Indonesia will also encourage the High-Level Task Force to strengthen ASEAN’s institutionalization, as an integral part of the discussion on ASEAN Community's Post-2025 Vision.

Fifth, on G20

Ladies and Gentlemen, Indonesia’s G20 Presidency has commenced on 1 December 2021, until 30 November 2022.

In 2022, Indonesia’s diplomacy will be utilized to support the success of Indonesia’s G20 Presidency.

Inclusiveness is the spirit of Indonesia’s Presidency.

Indonesia would like to see G20 become a catalyst for global recovery and concrete cooperation that benefits developing countries.

For this reason, Indonesia’s presidency will focus on strengthening global health architecture; energy transition; and digital transformation.
Indonesia’s G20 Presidency will be conducted with a high degree of transparency to achieve maximum results.

As stated by President Widodo, Indonesia will warmly welcome all G20 delegates in more than 150 meetings.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

In closing, I wish to underline that diplomacy continues to contribute under any circumstances.

The focus remains on supporting the recovery process, both in health and economic sector.

Protection diplomacy will be strengthened by use of technological innovations.

Challenge of rivalries between major countries is foreseen to continue, including in the Indo-Pacific region.

This is where the implementation of Indonesia’s free and active foreign policy will be increasingly relevant.

This is where a solid ASEAN is needed.

Indonesia will remain active in peace and humanitarian diplomacy, including in Afghanistan, for our Rohingya brothers and sisters, as well as the resolution of Myanmar’s political crisis.

Indonesia’s commitment to assist in the struggle of the Palestinian people will continue to prevail.

Indonesia will exert its Presidency at the G20 to further contribute towards global efforts to narrow the gap between developed and developing countries, in health and economic recovery.

Moreover, commitment to environmental issues and climate change will continue to be strengthened, in line with the fulfillment of the SDGs targets.

Thus, no person or country is left behind. No One Left Behind.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Concluding this annual press statement, allow me to also convey our highest gratitude and appreciation towards our counterparts: Commission I of the House of Representatives, the press, including all stakeholders for the cooperation and partnership built thus far.

I would like to conclude this press statement by quoting President Joko Widodo’s statement, at the reception of Indonesia’s G20 Presidency, last October in Rome:
“Joint efforts for the recovery of the world economy; an inclusive, people-centered, environmentally friendly and sustainable growth; must be extraordinarily carried out, especially through stronger global collaboration and continuous innovation.”

Ladies and Gentlemen, let’s strengthen our cooperation and solidarity, for a peaceful, stable, and prosperous world.

Recover Together, Recover Stronger.

Thank you.
Wassalamualaikum wr wb.