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The Taiwan Question and Reunification of China

The Taiwan question is a question left over by the civil war in China, and it is purely China's internal affair. On October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was founded and a group of military and political officials of the Kuomintang retreated to Taiwan after being defeated. With the support of the then U.S. administration, they set up a separate regime in Taiwan by the force of arms. So, the Taiwan question is first of all the question of the relationships between the Government of the People's Republic of China -- the sole legal government representing the entire Chinese people with the capital in Beijing - and the Taiwan authorities, and it should be resolved by the Chinese on both sides of the Taiwan Straits.
The Basic Position of the Chinese Government is peaceful reunification and one country, two systems. The basic contents of this position includes:
One China Principle. There is only one China in the world, Taiwan is an inalienable part of China and the seat of China's central government is in Beijing. The Chinese Government is firmly against any words or deeds designed to split China's sovereignty and territorial integrity. It opposes "two Chinas", "one China, one Taiwan", "one country, two governments" or any attempt or act that could lead to "independence of Taiwan". The wording of “the Taiwan President”, “Taiwan state/country”, “The Republic of China”, and other words that have the connotation of sovereignty are unacceptable to the Chinese side.
Coexistence of two systems. On the premise of one China, socialism on the mainland and capitalism on Taiwan can coexist and develop side by side for a long time without one swallowing up the other.

A high degree of autonomy. After reunification, Taiwan will become a special administrative region with high degree of autonomy.
Peace negotiations. On the premise of one China, both sides can discuss any subject, including the modality of negotiations, the question of what Parties, groups and personalities may participate as well as any other matters of concern to the Taiwan side. So long as the two sides sit down and talk, they will always be able to find a mutually acceptable solution.
The cross-straits relations have made sound and steady progress over the past years thanks to the joint efforts of both sides. In November of 2015, Mr. Xi Jinping and Mr. Ma Ying-jeou met in Singapore, which is the first meeting between leaders of the two sides of the Strait since 1949, opening up a historic page in cross-Strait relations.
During the meeting, Xi Jinping made a four-point proposal on cross-straight ties. First, the two sides should adhere to the common political consensus, referring to the 1992 Consensus reached between the two sides that endorses the one-China principle. Second, the two sides should consolidate and deepen the peaceful development of cross-Strait relations. Third, the two sides should boost well-being of the people on the two sides and promote cultural and education cooperation. Fourth, the two sides should make joint efforts to achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation
In 2015, both sides also held 11th round of talks and signed two agreements, making the total number of agreements between the two sides 23. Taiwan investment projects in mainland have increased by over 22%, an increase of 7% on year-on-year basis. The total cross-straits trade and personnel exchanges are expected to surpass $190 billion and 10 million respectively, both sides have sent to each other around 45,000 students to pursue study.

Embassy of the People's Republic of China in the Republic of South Africa

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March 2018






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