MDGs in Vietnam within 15 years
“The 70th anniversary of the United Nations is an opportunity to reflect – to look back on the UN’s history and take stock of its enduring achievements. It is also an opportunity to spotlight where the UN – and the international community as a whole – needs to redouble its efforts to meet current and future challenges across the three pillars of its work: peace and security, development, and human rights." - Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's message for UN70.
15 years have passed since the UN Member States endorsed the Millennium Declaration in September 2000, and the Millennium Development Goals – MDGs have become common foundation for the development and the way for member countries to work together with their partners to pursue a shared future. Therefore, the coming 70-year establishment anniversary of the General Assembly is an opportunity to monitor what has been done by all nations world-wide for their future.
Photo: © UNDP Viet Nam/
Over the past 15 years, Vietnam, a UN member, located in Southeast Asia, has always shown its determination for reaching the goals despite difficulties, unfavorable economic resources. Integrating rapidly into the global and regional economy, receiving the support of international friends, Vietnam has completed most of its MDGs before 2015 ends.
On MDG1, with high economic development speed over the last two decades, Vietnam - used to be one of the poorest countries in the world - has become one of the fastest-growing economies and recognized as a low-middle income country by 2010. Thanks to properly operating policies of the Government, from 1993 to 2008, the poverty rate fell from 58% to 14.5% and only registered at 8.4% in 2014, the people's living standards have improved remarkably.
On MDG 2, Vietnam has completed the universalization of primary education and on the way to approach the secondary level, as well as improving the quality of teaching and learning standard. In 2009, the percentage of pupils in primary schools was 95.5 percent, the primary school completion rate was 88.2 percent and the proportion of literate people aged 15-24 is 97.1 percent. By 2014, the percentage of students' enrollment in primary education at the right age was more than 99%.
On MDG 3, with the Government's supporting policies and empowerment of women position, Vietnam has achieved many successes. It has been very successful in increasing girls’ participation in education at primary and secondary levels. The primary net enrolment rate is now 91.5 percent for girls and 92.3 percent for boys, the lower secondary net enrolment rate 82.6 percent for girls and 80.1 percent for boys, and the upper secondary net enrolment rate 63.1 percent for girls and 53.7 percent for boys. The labour force participation rate is 73 percent for women, compared to 82 percent for men. Making up 48.4 percent of the labor force; women play an important role in Vietnam's economy. More noteworthy is that in politics, women now account for 24.4% of the National Assembly - this is the lowest rate in 4 recent National Assembly.
On MDG 4 and MDG 5, Vietnam has already achieved the targets for both under-five mortality and infant mortality, with both these rates being halved between 1990 and 2006. The ratio of children under five who are underweight fell from 25.2 percent in 2005 to 18.9 percent in 2009. Meanwhile, the maternal mortality rate has dropped significantly, about 2/3 over the past two decades (1990-2009).
Photo: © UNDP Viet Nam/Shutterstock
Vietnam has completed most of its MDGs ahead of deadline in 2015 and highly appreciated by experts, but much remains to be done ahead. Vietnam still endeavors to achieve MDG6 of HIV/AIDS and MDG7 of environmental sustainability.
Ms. Pratibha Mehta, UN Resident Coordinator, UNDP Resident Representative in Vietnam evaluated: "Vietnam has achieved MDG1, MDG2, MDG3 and MDG5 on poverty reduction, education, gender equality and maternal health. Significant progress has also been made toward achieving MDG4 on reducing child mortality."
The 15-year MDG journey has not only helped Vietnam reduce poverty and improve basic health and education situation but has also resulted in building national capacity as well as in gaining valuable experiences.
One of the experiences is that under the leadership of the Communist Party, Vietnam has actively put the contents of the Millennium goals in setting up plans of socio-economic development in stages. On that basic, the whole political system has given priority to handling challenging issues, mobilizing all of its resources, both in Vietnam and abroad.
Together with other UN members, Vietnam is in the progress of preparation for implementing the agenda for sustainable development goals (SDG). These objects will be combined in the socio-economic development plans of the next 5 years (2016-2020), and will be raised at the 12th Congress of the Vietnamese Communist Party.
Vietnam always needs international friends to share experiences with and to help others in the framework for mutual and global development. Above all relations, with open foreign policy, Vietnam is willingly to be a friend and a reliable partner of international friends.
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