The Indian Opinion
Indian Opinion, a weekly newspaper, was first established and produced by Mahatma Gandhi and his colleagues in 1903 in the then Natal Province in South Africa.
Indian Opinion focused on poor living conditions of indentured labourers, human rights and racial discrimination. It provides an important historical record of the social and political lives of the Indian community in South Africa. The paper included articles in four different languages: English, Hindi, Gujarati and Tamil. Indian Opinion was published at a printing press at the Phoenix Settlement. It was instrumental in the civil rights struggle and became a tool for political activism. Satyagraha, Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolent resistance, was encouraged. The final issue of this newspaper was produced in August 1961 after 58 years of existence.
The National Library of South Africa (NLSA) has become central, once again, in presenting and preserving this important global heritage which has particular significance for India and South Africa.
The NLSA has the original copies of the issues of the Indian Opinion covering the period 1930-1949 and the Government of the Republic of India has decided to procure the original digital images of the aforesaid issues. NLSA has kindly agreed to cooperate in this endeavour.
High Commissioner of India, Ms Ruchi Ghanashyam and CEO & National Librarian of the National Library of South Africa, Prof MD Rocky Ralebipi-Simela signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for digital images of the issues of the Indian Opinion for the period 1930-1949.